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Test Code GALN3 Galectin-3 (GAL3) Immunostain, Technical Component Only


Advisory Information


This test includes only technical performance of the stain (no pathologist interpretation is performed). If diagnostic consultation by a pathologist is required order PATHC / Pathology Consultation.



Shipping Instructions


Attach the green pathology address label and the pink Immunostain Technical Only label included in the kit to the outside of the transport container.



Specimen Required


Supplies: Immunostain Technical Only Envelope (T693)

Specimen Type: Tissue

Container/Tube: Immunostain Technical Only Envelope (T693)

Preferred: 2 Unstained positively charged glass slide (25- x 75- x 1-mm) per test ordered; sections 4-microns thick

Acceptable: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue block


Useful For

Aids in distinguishing normal and benign thyroid gland from thyroid carcinoma

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
IHTOI IHC Initial, Tech Only No No
IHTOA IHC Additional, Tech Only No No

Method Name

Immunohistochemistry

Reporting Name

Galectin-3 IHC, Tech Only

Specimen Type

TECHONLY

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
TECHONLY Ambient (preferred)
  Refrigerated 

Reject Due To

Hemolysis

NA

Lipemia

NA

Icterus

NA

Other

Wet/frozen tissue

Cytology smears

Nonformalin fixed tissue

Nonparaffin embedded tissue

Noncharged slides

ProbeOn slides

 

Clinical Information

Galectin-3 is a member of the beta galactoside binding lectin family, and is involved in cellular adhesion. It is expressed by normal macrophages, neutrophils, mast cells. It is not expressed in normal or benign thyroid gland, but may be expressed in thyroid carcinoma.

Interpretation

This test includes only technical performance of the stain (no pathologist interpretation is performed). Mayo Clinic cannot provide an interpretation of tech only stains outside the context of a pathology consultation. If an interpretation is needed, refer to test code PATHC / Pathology Consultation for a full diagnostic evaluation or second opinion of the case. All material associated with the case is required. Additional specific stains may be requested as part of the pathology consultation, and will be performed as necessary at the discretion of the Mayo pathologist.

 

The positive and negative controls are verified as showing appropriate immunoreactivity and documentation is retained at Mayo Clinic Rochester. If a control tissue is not included on the slide, a scanned image of the relevant quality control tissue is available upon request. Contact 855-516-8404.

 

Interpretation of this test should be performed in the context of the patient's clinical history and other diagnostic tests by a qualified pathologist.

Cautions

No significant cautionary statements.

Clinical Reference

1. Beesley MF, McLaren KM: Cytokeratin 19 and galectin-3 immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis of solitary thyroid nodules. Histopathology 2002;41:236-243

2. de Matos PS, Ferreira AP, de Oliveira Facuri F, et al: Usefulness of HBME-1, cytokeratin 19 and galectin-3 immunostaining in the diagnosis of thyroid malignancy. Histopathology 2005;47:391-401

3. Feilchenfeldt J, Totsch M, Sheu SY, et al: Expression of galectin-3 in normal and malignant thyroid tissue by quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry. Modern Pathology 2003;16(11):1117-1123

Method Description

Immunohistochemistry on sections of paraffin-embedded tissue.(Unpublished Mayo method)

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday

Analytic Time

1 day

Specimen Retention Time

Until staining is complete.

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Medical Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

88342-TC, primary

88341-TC, if additional IHC

LOINC Code Information

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
70751 Galectin-3 IHC, Tech Only No LOINC Needed